I’m in the Hong Kong University full stack web development specialization that has consumed the majority of my free time since September. It’s a new specialization, and I’m a part of the first cohort. Because of this, I get a lot of questions about the specialization on Quora about my experience. Since I count the coding I do for the course towards the #100DaysOfCode challenge, I want to spend the next couple of days discussing what I’m learning and building. The purpose for doing so will be two-fold: it will provide commentary for those seeking a detailed review of the course from me, and I’ll get to share content, insight, and sample code for my challenge readers.
Just to give you some background, I’m now in course 4 of the specialization, which focuses on multi-platform mobile development. For the course, we are taking the web app we build in course 3 and making it into a mobile app for iOS and Android deployment. We use two tools in the course: the Ionic framework and Cordova. I will write more about using these two tools specifically in future posts, but today I want to just provide an intro on approaches in mobile app development, using my course notes to guide me.
Mobile Web vs. Mobile (Native) Apps
There are two ways developers have built web apps for mobile: (1) by developing a full client-side mobile app and installing on mobile devices, or (2) by developing a web app that allows users to access it via a mobile device using web standards. From what I’ve seen, the second approach has been more widely used among front-end developers, but mobile web apps run slower on phones because the code is not native. Knowing this, we discussed all approaches for developing mobile apps in the course on the first day which I summarized below.
App Implementation Approaches
Native Apps: With mobile native apps, developers would need platform specific skills in order to create a functional app for iOS or Android. Think Objective-C, Xcode, or Swift for iOS, or Java, Eclipse and XML for Android. Using native device code allows for the highest performance of the app and gives developers full access to device capabilities. This is great for developers who know those select languages. Others not willing to learn have to choose another approach.
Hybrid Apps: These type of apps combine embedded webview (browser) with partial native code implementation. With this approach, HTML5 apps are embedded inside a native wrapper so to speak. Since this is the approach we’re using in the course, this will be the one I focus on for the rest of this post.
Hybrid Mobile App Development
According to Prof. Muppala (the HKU instructor for the course), the hybrid approach is best for content-driven apps such as those that focus on business enterprise, productivity, or media. This is because they don’t rely so much on accessing native capabilities. Our app is for a restaurant which will allow users to login, make reservations, see special promotions for the week, submit reviews of each dish, and add particular dishes to a list of favorites. It should be perfect for Ionic and Cordova conversion.
In the post for Day 26, I will dive more into using Ionic and how to install dependencies for getting your app started.
*** Day 25 Recap ***
- Finished first module of the course Multiplatform Mobile App Development with Web Technologies
- Finished first week of London U’s MOOC on web design, see code in the #100DaysOfCode github repo here